The Callanish Stones
The Callanish stone
formations may have dated back to as far as
1800 B.C. but this is still under fierce
debate as its precise date of origin and
primary functions are as yet unsure.
Callanish I, the first of said formations is
made up of a diameter of 43 by 37 feet (13.1
x 11.3m) of 13 slender and tall Lewisian
coarse layered rocks (gneiss). Right smack
in the middle is the tallest stone with a
height of over four meters by fifteen feet.
There are 4 unfinished avenues which lead
away, with rows of stones in single file
towards the east as well as west and south.
There is also a double row towards the
northeast. If all the rows had been
finished, the axial alignments of these rows
would have met at the stone in the centre.
Within the circle are the remnants of a
circular cairn chamber of Neolithic style,
but whether this was put together after or
before the stone rows is still a matter fpr
debate among archaeologists. A respected
archeologist, Professor Alexander Thom, has
discovered that if one looks south along
stone line, the row of stones marks the spot
where the full moon in midsummer goes down
just behind Clisham.
In the immediate vicinity there are many
other circular arranged stones such as
Callanish II (Cnoc Ceann a'Gharaidh),
Callanish III (Cnoc Filibhir Bheag), and
Callanish IV (Ceann Hulavig).