Callanish Stones

callanish stones
callanish stones

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callanish stones

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The Callanish Stones

 

The Callanish stone formations may have dated back to as far as 1800 B.C. but this is still under fierce debate as its precise date of origin and primary functions are as yet unsure. Callanish I, the first of said formations is made up of a diameter of 43 by 37 feet (13.1 x 11.3m) of 13 slender and tall Lewisian coarse layered rocks (gneiss). Right smack in the middle is the tallest stone with a height of over four meters by fifteen feet.

There are 4 unfinished avenues which lead away, with rows of stones in single file towards the east as well as west and south. There is also a double row towards the northeast. If all the rows had been finished, the axial alignments of these rows would have met at the stone in the centre.

Within the circle are the remnants of a circular cairn chamber of Neolithic style, but whether this was put together after or before the stone rows is still a matter fpr debate among archaeologists. A respected archeologist, Professor Alexander Thom, has discovered that if one looks south along stone line, the row of stones marks the spot where the full moon in midsummer goes down just behind Clisham.

In the immediate vicinity there are many other circular arranged stones such as Callanish II (Cnoc Ceann a'Gharaidh), Callanish III (Cnoc Filibhir Bheag), and Callanish IV (Ceann Hulavig).