Crannog

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Crannog

 

An ancient type of lake dwelling used throughout Ireland and Scotland, Crannogs had also been found in Llangorse Lake in Wales. The usual structure is circular which had been constructed as homes for large and extended families. There has been evidence of Crannog-like settlements in countries of Scandinavian populace as well as in other parts of Europe.

Known also as modified or artificial islands, Crannogs were as much a resut of their surroundings as the time when they were built.

A true to form crannog model which makes up the Scottish Crannog Centre’s central focus was reconstructed by the STUA (Scottish Trust for Underwater Archaeology). The STUA is a duly listed charity (# SCO18418) and was organized to advocate the recording, research, and preservation of the underwater history of Scotland.

Although the oldest crannogs in Scotland is approximately 5,000 years old, people modified, built, and re-cycled crannogs up until the seventeenth century AD in Scotland. Crannogs have been used in a variety of ways throughout their lengthy history: as a homestead for farmers, as status symbols, as places for refuge in troubled times, as fishing and hunting stations, and even as residences during holidays. The pre-historic loch-dwellings in Highland Perthshire were at first roundhouses built with timber and supported on stilts or piles which were driven into the lake’s bed.